Head CTA brain hemorrhage examination

SOMATOM Definition Dual Source Scanning

Jiri Ferda MD PhD, Boris Kreuzberg MD PhD
University Hospital Pilsen, Czech Republic
 |  2009-02-18

History

Due to suddenly occurring and continuing loss of consciousness during a sojourn in the forest, a 71-year-old female was admitted to the University Hospital in Pilsen for a suspected brain aneurysm rupture.
Her past medical history showed a treated with anti-coagulant therapy.
A brain CT was conducted immediately.

 

Diagnosis

A non-contrast brain CT showed an acute subarachnoideal bleeding in the left hemisphere. In order to affirm or disprove a ruptured aneurysm, a head CTA with Dual Energy was performed. This technology allows better visualization and easier localization of brain hemorrhages. The virtual non - contrast image showed acute extensive bleeding with same high quality as conventional non contrast CT. An examination with Dual Energy, using both tubes with different currents (140kV/80kV) makes it possible to accurately detect and localize the origin of the bleeding.
 

Comments

For an angiographic coiling treatment, knowing the exact localization of bleeding in the brain is saving advantage.
Due to the different tube currents of 140kV and 80kV, it is possible to ascertain the exact Houndsfield (HU)-values. syngo Dual Energy color codes the iodine enhancement and a virtual non contrast can always be generated from a contrast enhanced study.
The application may make it possible to discard the precontrast scan in some instances.

Examination Sequence Protocol

Scanner SOMATOM Definition
Scan area Head
Scan length 339mm
Scan time 9s
Scan direction Caudo - Cranial
kV 140 kV / 80 kV
Effective mAs 59/250
Rotation time 0.33s
Slice collimation 0.6mm
Reconstructed slice thickness 0.6mm
Increment 0.4mm
Kernel B30f

The information presented in this case study is for illustration only and is not intended to be relied upon by the reader for instruction as to the practice of medicine. Any health care practitioner reading this information is reminded that they must use their own learning, training and expertise in dealing with their individual patients. This material does not substitute for that duty and is not intended by Siemens Medical Systems to be used for any purpose in that regard.


The drugs and doses mentioned herein are consistent with the approval labeling for uses and/or indications of the drug. The treating physician bears the sole responsibility for the diagnosis and treatment of patients, including drugs and doses prescribed in connection with such use. The Operating Instructions must always be strictly followed when operating the CT System. The source for the technical data is the corresponding data sheets. Results may vary.